Many children and adolescents experience depression. Symptoms of depression in children and adolescents include behavioral problems in school, changes in eating and sleeping habits, irritability, and lacking interest in things that typically bring joy. Cognitively, children battling depression may also have trouble with memory. In this blog post, we discuss how depression affects memory in children and adolescents.

The Towers of Hanoi is a well known executive function task that targets working memory, inhibition, and decision making. Our digital adaptation is a user favorite while working on critical thinking skills. In this blog post, we share with you how the Towers of Hanoi teaches critical thinking skills to your client. 

Schizophrenia causes cognitive problems including impaired attention, processing speed, working memory, language, reasoning, and social cognition. Apart from having a difficult time recognizing emotions in other people and responding appropriately, individuals with schizophrenia also have trouble processing humor. Humor is used to facilitate social bonds and increase morale through social cognition. When someone is not able to understand humor, opportunities to forge social bonds with others and experience increased morale are lost.  

Society requires us to have adequate ability to perform mathematical calculations. Life events, such as buying a home or even comparing prices of items within a store, require working knowledge of mathematics. In childhood, many children have difficulty learning mathematical skills due to learning disabilities, poor instruction, or from having adverse learning experiences. These difficulties performing and utilizing mathematics can carry into adulthood, and may be the cause behind why many adults experience mathematics anxiety. Studies have also shown that mathematics anxiety may also impair attention and working memory, which negatively impacts one’s ability to perform and use mathematics. In this blog post, we discuss how mathematics anxiety impairs mathematical abilities.

Researchers and managed care professionals are very interested in the long-term effects of cognitive training in older adults. Older adults seek out ways to improve their cognitive functioning in regards to working memory, processing speed, language and executive functioning. Because some older adults prefer to avoid pharmacological interventions, cognitive training is an appealing method to improve cognitive functioning without the use of medication. One 5-year study examined the effect of memory, reasoning, or speed training on cognitive functioning in 2,802 older adults. Participants had ten 60-75 minute long training sessions in addition to 4 booster sessions over the course of the 5 years. Results from the study revealed 2 important benefits of providing cognitive training for older adults.

With the availability of technology, digital cognitive therapy tools can be accessed by clinicians and clients alike at any time from anywhere. Studies have found that regular cognitive training may help elderly people maintain and improve their cognitive abilities, particularly in regards to working memory (Borella et. al, 2013). Since the early 2000’s, there has been a significant interest in using digital cognitive therapy tools by both clinicians and researchers as they can be used to administer engaging cognitive training for older adults (Walton et. al, 2015). As the use of technology has become integrated into everyday life, elderly people have become more technologically aware than before (Sayago et. al, 2011). Elderly people have begun to incorporate technology into their everyday lives by using devices such as smartphones, tablets, and digital wearables that can help monitor their health (Kourtis et. al, 2019). With the increasing use of technology by older people, therapists are beginning to use technology as a way to deliver cognitive rehabilitation therapy and cognitive stimulation activities for their elderly clients.